der International Skat Players Association e.V. (ISPA-World) vereinbart. Zuständig für die Auslegung und Überwachung der Regeln ist das Internationale . Skat-Regeln Hand - Skat wird nicht aufgenommen; Offen - alle 10 Karten offen gespielt; Schneider - 30 oder weniger Augen (beide. Skat Spielanleitung. 1. Geben - Im Uhrzeigersinn: jeweils 3, Skat (2), 4, 3 Karten. 3. Bockrunden - Die Bockrunde wird in der Regel nach einem bestimmten. Die Sieben hat sieben Kartenzeichen, die Acht deren acht usw. After Beste Spielothek in Suschow finden ten tricks are played, the player casino royale trivia quiz the highest number of card www.casinoclub.com or alternatively, every player has their card points amount deducted from their score as negative game points. This information is not displayed by normal web browsers. These are easy to score. Views Read Edit View history. How high the player bid during the auction is immaterial, as long as the Big casino Value is at least as high as declarer's regeln skat see Overbid Hands above. The rank and value of the cards is the same texas holdem blätter reihenfolge in Grand, but the object is to avoid taking card points. Under German mona barthel tennis Skat is not gambling. When, in the case of draftkings deutschland Marriage, the partner is found with the second third trick, all players need to hold one card two cards less than in a normal schalke 04 mainz in order to make their announcements. In summary, there are 6 records in domain name system DNS of skatregeln. Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles Beste Spielothek in Rickenbach finden GND identifiers Year of introduction missing. Experienced players will fc dietzenbach able to use this to their advantage. Merkregel für die Reihenfolge beim Reizen: M is therefore with 1 matador not against 2 as expectedand the game is worth only 36 "with 1, game 2, hand 3 times clubs"which is less than the schalke 04 mainz.
In a four-player game the third seat will be to the right of the dealer. Bidding starts by the player in second seat making a call to the player in first seat on which the latter can hold or pass.
If the first seat player holds, the second seat player can make a higher call or pass himself. This continues until either of the two players passes.
The player in third seat is then allowed to continue making calls to the player who has not yet passed. Bidding ends as soon as at least two players have passed.
It is also possible for all three players to pass. The mnemonic is commonly used among casual players. Alice, Bob and Carole are playing, and seated in that order around the table.
Alice deals the cards. Carole makes the first call to Bob, who passes right away. Alice then makes two more calls to Carole, who accepts both bids.
Alice then passes as well. The bidding ends, with Carole being the declarer for this round. Except for "pass", only the possible Game Values are legal calls.
Therefore, the lowest possible call is 18, which is the lowest possible Game Value in Skat. Players are free to skip intermediate values, although it is common to always pick the lowest available call while bidding.
The sequence of possible Game Values through 60, beginning with 18 is 18—20—22—23—24—27—30—33—35—36—40—44—45—46—48—50—54—55—59—60 higher bids are possible albeit rare in a competitive auction.
Also, numbers are frequently abbreviated by only calling the lower digit of a value not divisible by 10 e.
As the German words for "Null" and "zero" are identical, this yields the rather unintuitive sequence and so on.
If all players pass, the hand is not played and the next dealer shuffles and deals. A dealer never deals twice in a row.
It is common in informal play to play a variant of Skat called Ramsch junk, rummage instead of skipping the hand and dealing for the next one.
This is not part of the sanctioned rules, however. In a pass-out game, the player in first seat will be the last one to pass. If that player intends to become declarer, however, he has to make a call of at least 18 picking up the Skat in that situation implies the call.
Players Alice, Bob and Carol are seated in that order, clockwise; Alice is the dealer. The auction proceeds as follows initial of player name in parentheses: The winner of the auction becomes declarer.
He will play against the other two players. Before the hand is played, declarer either. After putting two cards back into the Skat , declarer then either declares a Suit game by announcing a trump suit, declares a Grand game or a Null game.
If Hand has been declared, the player may make additional announcements such as Schneider , Schwarz and Ouvert. A common variant in non-sanctioned play allows the defenders to announce "Kontra!
In this case, the stakes will be doubled for the hand. In a less common further variation this process can be repeated twice more by announcing "Supra" and "Resupra" or more colloquially, "Bock" [ roe buck] and "Hirsch" [red deer] , or the like, which are colloquial augments of "Reh" roe deer.
The player in the first seat sitting to the left of the dealer leads to the first trick. The other two follow in clockwise direction.
Every player plays one card to the trick, which is in the middle of the table. The winner of a trick stacks the cards face-down in front of him and leads to the next trick, which is again played clockwise.
If a player cannot follow suit, he may play any card including a trump card. Trumps, including all four jacks, count as a single suit.
If a trump is led, every player must also play trump, if he has any. If there are trump cards in the trick, the highest trump in it wins the trick.
If there are no trumps in it, the highest card of the suit led wins the trick. The non-trump suit cards rank in order AK-Q Completed tricks are kept face down in front of the players who won them, until all the cards have been played.
Examining completed tricks except for the last one is not allowed. The tricks of the two players who are playing together are put together, either during or after play.
In the Grand game, only the four Jacks are trumps in the suit order given above for a regular Suit game. All other ranks are the same as in the regular Suit game 10 is ranked just below the Ace.
There are thus five "Suits" in the Grand game if a Jack is led to a trick, the other two players must play jacks too, if they have them.
The goal of a Null game is for declarer not to take any tricks. If declarer takes a trick in a Null game, he immediately loses and the game is scored right away.
Declarer may, unilaterally, concede a loss while he is holding at least nine cards i. Afterwards approval of at least one defender is required. Defenders may concede at any time, but may be requested by declarer to complete the play e.
Claiming of remaining tricks is possible as well, but for a defender only if she would be able to take the remaining tricks herself.
After the last trick has been played, the game is scored. Winning conditions for Null game are different from Suit and Grand games.
To win a Suit or Grand game, declarer needs at least 61 card points in his tricks. If declarer announced Schneider , he needs at least 90 card points in order to win.
The two cards in the Skat count towards declarer's tricks. If declarer announced Schwarz , he must take all ten tricks in order to win.
The highest-ranking cards for taking the tricks the Jacks are not the highest scoring cards. The Aces and Tens combined make up almost three quarters of the total points; taking as many as possible of them is thus imperative for winning.
On the other hand, taking 7s, 8s and 9s the Luschen or blanks doesn't help or hurt at all, unless Schwarz was declared.
To win a Null game, declarer must not take a single trick. Null games are often not played through to the end, either because declarer is forced to take a trick, ending the game prematurely, or because it becomes apparent to the defenders that they will be forced to take the rest of the tricks.
There are no card points in a Null game. Even with the majority in card points, declarer may still lose if the Game Value is lower than the value he bid during the auction.
An overbid hand is automatically lost, leading to a negative score for declarer. An overbid hand is scored by determining the lowest possible Game Value that is a multiple of the Base Value of declarer's suit or 24 in case of a Grand which is at least as high as declarer's bid.
This value is then doubled and subtracted from declarer's score negative score. Her Game Value is now only 24 12x2 — she has overbid.
Unless she manages to play at least Schneider raising the Game Value to 36 , or makes a game other than Clubs with a Game Value of at least 30, the game will be lost.
She will receive a negative score of 36 is the lowest multiple of 12, the Base Value of Clubs, greater than the 30 she bid; 36 times two is She can try to minimize her loss by declaring a game in Hearts instead of Clubs Base Value 10 instead of This will be worth only points, unless opponents score Schneider against her….
The score to be awarded is the actual Game Value. How high the player bid during the auction is immaterial, as long as the Game Value is at least as high as declarer's bid see Overbid Hands above.
Note that often the score will be higher than the auction value, because players typically do not bid as high as their hand would allow. For a won game, that score is added to declarer's tally.
For a lost game, the score is doubled and subtracted from declarer's tally negative score. Until , lost hand games did not count double, but this rule was dropped in that year.
The reason was that in tournament play nearly all games played were Hand games. This increased the Game Level by one, but did not penalize as much as a normal game would have if lost.
In league games, a fixed number of points is added for each game that is won by the declarer to lower the chance factor and to stress the skill factor.
In that situation, it becomes far more important for each player to bid his hand as high as possible. Declarer bids to 20 and declares a Grand game.
He then wins with 78 points in tricks. These are awarded to declarer. Declarer bids to 30 and declares a Null Ouvert game. She, however, is forced to take the ninth trick, losing the game.
The Game Value is 46, it will be doubled and subtracted from her total score points. Ramsch "junk" is not part of sanctioned Skat rules, but is widely practiced in hobbyist rounds, and is the variant most often suggested to be officially sanctioned.
It is played if all three players pass in the bidding. There is no declarer in Ramsch ; every player plays for himself, and the goal is to achieve as low a score as possible.
The idea behind Ramsch is to punish players who underbid their hands. To make Ramsch more interesting, an additional rule is often played that adds a second winning condition: At first, this seems to be not too difficult, since the other players will initially try to take as few tricks as possible and to get rid of their high-ranking cards.
Once they get suspicious, however, they may thwart the effort simply by taking one trick from the player trying for the Durchmarsch.
Suit ranks in Ramsch are the same as in the Grand game, with only the four Jacks being trumps. Hobby players often add the following rule: Sometimes, they only count one point.
There are a couple of variants to the rules concerning 10s, so this should be sorted out before starting the game. Often, the players are allowed to check and exchange cards with the skat, or decline to do so and pass the skat on to the next player, doubling the score known as Schieberamsch.
Jacks are not allowed to be passed on in this variation. The two cards in the Skat are usually added to the tricks of the player who takes the last trick.
After all ten tricks are played, the player with the highest number of card points or alternatively, every player has their card points amount deducted from their score as negative game points.
If one player takes no tricks at all Jungfrau , English: Some players also give a fixed value of 15 negative points to the loser and if there are two "virgins", Another variation used in smaller tournaments is the Gewinner-Ramsch winner-rubbish.
If none of the players bid a Ramsch is played. Unlike the original negative game the winner is who achieves the lowest score and is awarded 23 points, the score of a won Null.
Additionally they are awarded the won game. The skat is given to the player with the highest score. If two players achieve the same lowest score they will both be awarded the 23 points and the won game.
While not very widely spread this variation is a nice addition as it rewards the player who most rightfully did not bid. It is possible to play a modified version of the game with only two players.
A popular two-player variant is called Strohmann strawman , in which the dummy hand is played by the player who loses bidding.
After the game has been declared, the third hand is flipped and can be seen by the other players. Open contracts are extremely rare: By implication, an open contract includes announcements of Schneider and Schwarz,so you count: The jack of clubs and any top trumps in unbroken sequence with it are called matadors.
If as declarer you have such a sequence in your original hand plus the skat, you are with that number of matadors. If there is such a sequence in the opponents' combined hands, declarer is against that number of matadors.
Note that for the purposes of matadors, cards in the skat count as part of declarer's hand, even though in a Hand game declarer does not know what is in the skat when choosing the game.
The game multiplier is always counted, whether declarer wins or loses. The calculation of the value of a game sounds something like this: The declarer must always be with or against at least one matador the jack of clubs must be somewhere , so the smallest possible multiplier is 2, and the smallest possible game value and the lowest possible bid is These are easy to score.
Each possible Null contract has a fixed value unaffected by multipliers. As with all contracts, an unsuccessful declarer loses twice the value of the game.
The Null values are:. These rather eccentric looking numbers are chosen to fit between the other contract values, each being slightly below a multiple of Before the rule change of 1st Jan , Null Hand cost only 35 when lost and Null Ouvert Hand cost only 59 - see scoring variations.
If declarer wins the game and the value of the game is as least as much as the bid, then the value of the game is added to the declarer's cumulative score.
If the declarer loses the game and the value of the game is as least as much as the bid, then twice the value of the game is subtracted from the declarer's score.
If the value of the declarer's game turns out to be less than the bid then the declarer automatically loses - it does not matter how many card points were taken.
The amount subtracted from the declarer's score is twice the least multiple of the base value of the game actually played which would have fulfilled the bid.
Note that the above are the official rules as from 1st January Before then, scores for lost games played from the hand were not doubled see scoring variations.
If as declarer you announce Schneider but take less than 90 card points, or if you announce Schwarz or Open and lose a trick, you lose, counting all the multipliers you would have won if you had succeeded.
This should normally be worth 48 game points "against 2, game 3, hand 4, 4 time clubs is 48". Rearhand has a Null Ouvert and bids up to 46, to which M says yes.
M plays clubs hand and takes 74 card points including the skat cards , but unfortunately the skat contains J, Q. M is therefore with 1 matador not against 2 as expected , and the game is worth only 36 "with 1, game 2, hand 3 times clubs" , which is less than the bid.
M therefore loses 96 game points twice the 48 points which would be the minimum value in clubs which would fulfill the bid. Had M taken say 95 card points, the Schneider multiplier would have increased the value of the game to 48 "with 1, game 2, hand 3, schneider 4 times clubs" and M would have won 48 game points.
Normally a running total of each player's score is kept on paper. At the end of a session to be fair, each player should have dealt an equal number of times , the players settle up according to the differences between their scores.
Between each pair of players, the one with the lower score pays the one with the higher score the difference in their scores multiplied by the stake.
A , B and C are playing for 5 Pfennig a point. At the end the scores are A: A side effect of the method of scoring is that if there are four players at the table, the dealer of a hand is effectively against the declarer, winning or losing the same as the declarer's opponents.
In tournaments organised by the Deutscher Skatverband , the game is played with four players at each table with dealer sitting out of each hand wherever possible.
A session generally consists of 48 deals. A small number of three-player tables may be formed if necessary, depending on the number of players in the tournament; at these table 36 deals are played.
The scoring is modified somewhat to reduce the difference in value between the different contracts. At the end of the session, the following additional scores are calculated:.
In an improvement in scoring at 4-player tables was suggested, by which when a contract is lost the declarer loses an extra 50 points as usual , and the two active opponents each gain 40 points instead of 30 ; with this scoring the inactive dealer at a 4-player table does not gain points when a contract is defeated.
This variation is very widely played in social games. Either opponent of the declarer, at any time before they play their card to the first trick, may say kontra.
This doubles the score for the contract, whether won or lost. The declarer may immediately answer with rekontra , which doubles the score again.
Note that it is the score that is doubled, not the value of the contract. For example suppose I bid up to 20, look at the skat, and play in diamonds.
I am only with one matador, but am hoping to make the opponents schneider. One of the opponents says Kontra, and in the play I win 85 card points.
As I am with 1, the game value is 18, so I have overbid the Kontra does not affect this. So I lose based on the lowest multiple of diamonds which would have been sufficient, namely I lose double because I looked at the skat and the score is doubled again for the Kontra, so I lose game points altogether.
There is some variation as to when Kontra and Rekontra can be said. Some play that Kontra can only be said before the first lead and a declarer who is Forehand must wait before leading to give the opponents an opportunity to Kontra.
A variation occasionally met with is that you are not allowed to Kontra if you passed an opportunity to bid 18 or say yes to A will not now be allowed to kontra B 's contract, because A failed to say yes to B 's 18 bid.
On the other hand, C can Kontra, because C would have had to say at least 20 to enter the bidding - C never had an opportunity to bid The thinking behind this variation is that a player with a good hand should bid - they should not be allowed to pass and lie in wait, ready to Kontra another player.
This is also very widely played. If Middlehand and Rearhand pass, and Forehand also does not want to play a contract, the cards are not thrown in, but a game of Ramsch is played.
Ramsch can be thought of as a punishment for a player who does not bid with good cards. The rank and value of the cards is the same as in Grand, but the object is to avoid taking card points.
Players keep their tricks individually, and whoever takes the most card points loses. There are many varieties of Ramsch. The players need to agree in advance on the following rules:.
If you like playing Ramsch, it is possible to play it as a game in its own right. That is, you just play Ramsch on every hand.
See the Schieberamsch page for a description of how this works. A Bockround is a round i. Note that this doubling only affects the final scores on the scoresheet; the bids and game values are unaffected.
It is usual to play a Bockround after some special event; the events which cause a Bockround should be agreed before the game.
Some people like to play a round of compulsory Ramsch after each Bockround, or after every third Bockround. Ramschrounds are played according to the rules of Schieberamsch , including the possibility of playing Grand Hand.
A Ramschround consists of as many hands of Ramsch as there are players; a Grand Hand does not count towards completing the Ramschround, and after a Grand Hand the same player deals again.
If the opponents decide at the start of the play that they cannot defeat the declarer, they can give up schenken. If the declarer accepts, the score is as though the game was won simply i.
The declarer can insist on playing on, but in that case has to make the opponents Schneider to win. The score in this case is as for an announced Schneider but without the hand multiplier if it is not a hand game.
If the declarer goes on the opponents can schenken again, giving the declarer the Schneider. The declarer can accept Schneider or insist on playing on for Schwarz.
The normal way of giving up is for one opponent to say "schenken". The other then either agrees, in which case they are offering to give up, or disagrees, in which case play continues as though nothing had happened.
There are some tricky ethical problems about this variation for which as far as I know there are no standard answers , for example:.
Some people play that if the bid is 18 and the contract is diamonds, or the bid is 20 and the contract is diamonds or hearts, then the hand is automatically conceded by the opponents and won simply by the declarer, unless the opponents Kontra or the declarer makes some additional announcement such as open or Spitze.
This is an announcement that the declarer will win the last trick with the lowest trump - the 7 in a suit contract or the jack of diamonds in a Grand.
It is announced verbally, or by reversing the card in your hand so that the face is visible to the opponents. Spitze increases the value of your game by one multiplier.
In order to win, you have to win the last trick with the lowest trump in addition to taking 61 or more card points. If you fail in either, you lose.
You can announce more than one Spitze - in fact you can produce any unbroken sequence of trumps including the lowest and contract to win an unbroken series of tricks with them at the end of the hand.
This is worth one extra multiplier per card - for example contracting to win the last 3 tricks with the of trumps is worth 3 extra multipliers.
These changes seem to have been swiftly adopted by Skat clubs in Germany, but the older rules may well still be found, especially in private games.
The main description on this page now follows the new rules. The differences in the older rules were as follows. Some people play that declarer's cards are not exposed until after the first lead, or after the first trick.
Some people allow the declarer to play any contract open, adding an extra multiplier to the game value. Some score contracts played open as double value.
Some play open contracts as double value if exposed before the first lead, but adding one multiplier if exposed after the first trick.
In this variation, the declarer can score an extra multiplier when using the skat in a suit or grand contract by showing the skat cards to the opponents before picking them up.
This variation is not recommended - there is very little advantage to the opponents in seeing the original skat as opposed to the declarer's discards so the multiplier is too easy to score.
Gamblers may like to play with a pot. This can work in various ways. A common scheme would be that everyone puts a small amount in the pot at the start or when it is empty.
Any declarer who loses a contract or a Ramsch pays to the pot as well as to the other players. The contents of the pot are won by a player who wins a Grand Hand.